Burnt Corn Pueblo: Conflict and Conflagration in the Galisteo Basin, A.D. 1250–1325
Editors: James E. Snead and Mark W. Allen*
Publisher: Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona 74, 2011, $19.95
Order From: http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/books.php
Photo below: Cover of Anthropological Paper of the University of Arizona 74
The Galisteo Basin of northern New Mexico has been a staple of archaeological research since it was first studied almost a century ago. This book, the first on the area since 1914, provides an overview of the area, with research provided by the Tano Origins Project with funding from the National Science Foundation. The volume covers the region's archaeological history (including the Burnt Corn Pueblo, Petroglyph Hill, and Lodestar sites) during the Coalition Period (AD 1200-1300). Chapters include treatment of architecture, ceramics, tree-ring samples, groundstone, and petroglyphs. The monograph also addresses the stress that human development has placed on the future of research in the area.
The authors conclude that the Galisteo Basin in the late thirteenth century was a competitive environment. Settlers built communities with an eye towards assuring access to farmland while maintaining vigilance against threats. Considerable effort was employed to root local identity into a landscape through the use of shrines, petroglyphs and related markers that reflect competitive conditions. At Burnt Corn Pueblo such efforts were ultimately unsuccessful, and the village was destroyed in an episode of violence. Even in this competitive context, however, considerable effort was expended to establish social ties that were maintained between communities at a large scale. This produced a web of relationships that spanned the Galisteo Basin and beyond.
*JAMES E. SNEAD is a Professor of Anthropology at California State University–Northridge. MARK W. ALLEN is a Professor of Anthropology at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona.