I have taught at the University of Arizona since 1991. I was the first hire in W. David Kingery's Culture, Science and Technology Program and taught the history and sociology of technology in both the College of Social Sciences and the College of Engineering. At that time I did mostly ethnoarchaeological and archaeological research on African iron smelting technology. From 2003 to 2008 I coordinated the NSF/University of Arizona IGERT Program in Archaeological Sciences, which has so far produced 28 PhDs. I have a well-equipped laboratory in Anthropology for optical techniques (petrography, metallography, ore microscopy) and collaborate with isotope geochemist Joaquin Ruiz to use heavy isotopes (lead and strontium) for provenance of non-ferrous metals, turquoise, glass and glazes. My recent work in archaeometallurgy is on tin and bronze production in South Africa and on copper smelting in north coastal Peru. I am also doing collaborative studies of ceramic provenance by optical petrography in Botswana, New Mexico and New Caledonia. I am an Associate Editor of the Journal of Archaeological Science, and a member of the Editorial Board for Journal of African Archaeology and Ethnoarchaeology. I am strongly influenced by the World History movement, and apply its comparative perspective to the history and prehistory of technology worldwide.
Ph.D. in Anthropology, Yale University
M.Phil in Anthropology, Yale University
B.A. (Honours) in Archaeology, University of Cape Town
History and prehistory of technology, with particular interest in early mining and metallurgy
African history and prehistory, especially early contacts between sub-Saharan African and the Muslim world
Provenance studies - tracing prehistoric movement of lithics, pottery, turquoise, glass and metals by geological and geochemical methods
Archaeological method and theory, with particular interest in the role of scientific methods in archaeology
2015 Iron smelting technology in the Middle Senegal Valley, ca. 550 BCE-1500 CE. In Seeking the Origins of Takrur: Archaeological Excavations and Survey in the Middle Senegal Valley, edited by Roderick J. McIntosh, Susan Keech McIntosh and Hamady Bocoum, Chapter 7. New Haven: Yale University Press, in press.
Fenn, Thomas and David Killick
2015 Copper Alloys. In Seeking the Origins of Takrur: Archaeological Excavations and Survey in the Middle Senegal Valley, edited by Roderick J. McIntosh, Susan Keech McIntosh and Hamady Bocoum, Chapter 8. New Haven: Yale University Press, in press.
Martínón-Torres, Marcos and David Killick
2015 Archaeological theories and archaeological sciences. In The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Theory, edited by Andrew Gardner, Mark Lake and Ulrike Sommer. Oxford University Press, in press http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199567942.013.004
2015 Scale armor on the North American frontier: lessons from the John G. Bourke armor. Plains Anthropologist, in press.
2015 The awkward adolescence of archaeological science. Journal of Archaeological Science 56:242-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.01.010
2015 Archaeometallurgy as archaeology:a keynote lecture. In Archaeometallurgy in Europe III, edited by Andreas Hauptmann and Diana Modaressi-Tehrani. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference. Deutsches Bergbau-Museum. Bochum: Der Anschnitt, Beiheft 26, 2015, 295-300.
Santarelli, Brunella, David Killick and Sheila Goff
2014 Technological behavior in the Southwest: Pueblo 1 glaze paints from the upper San Juan region. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings vol. 1656. http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/opl.2014.813
Molofsky, Lisa J., David Killick, Mihai N. Ducea, Monica Macovei, John T. Chesley, Joaquin Ruiz, Alyson Thibodeau, and Gheorghe C. Popescu
2014 A novel approach to lead isotope provenance studies of tin and bronze: applications to South African, Botswanan and Romanian artifacts. Journal of Archaeological Science 50:440-450.
Killick, David and Duncan Miller
2014 Smelting of magnetite and magnetite-ilmenite ores in the northern Lowveld, South Africa, ca. 1000 CE - ca.1880 CE. Journal of Archaeological Science 43:239-255.
Hayashida, F.M., D.J. Killick, I. Shimada, W. Hãusler, F.E. Wagner and U. Wagner
2014 A pre-Columbian copper alloy smelting furnace: Mössbauer and XRD study of the firing conditions. Hyperfine Interactions 224:161-170.
2014 From ores to metals. In Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective: Methods and Syntheses, edited by Ben Roberts and Christopher Thornton, pp. 11-46. New York: Springer.
2014 Cairo to Cape: the spread of metallurgy through eastern and southern Africa. In Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective: Methods and Syntheses edited by Ben Roberts and Christopher Thornton, pp. 507-528. New York: Springer.
ANTH/CLAS/NES/MSE 474/574 Archaeometry: scientific methods in archaeology. Offered every Spring semester.
ANTH/AFAS 426 African archaeology. Offered irregularly.
ANTH/AFAS 329 Peoples and Cultures of Africa. Offered every Spring semester.
ANTH 160A1 Patterns in Prehistory. Offered every Fall semester.
Optical petrography - offered as Special Topics in Archaeology (ANTH595) on demand. Prerequisite is an undergraduate course in mineralogy and petrology.
Archaeometallurgy - offered as Special Topics in Archaeology (ANTH595) on demand. Prerequisite is an undergraduate course in materials science.
Industrial archaeology - offered on demand as a seminar (ANTH 696b). Next scheduled in Fall 2015.
Tanya Chiykowski is a PhD student at Binghamton University, and will be working on petrographic analysis of temper sands and pottery from Sonora, Mexico until April 2015. Her study is funded by NSF Grant 1443431.
Current PhD supervisees
Dana Drake Rosenstein - historical archaeology of southern Africa; single grain OSL dating of recent sites (< 500 years; with Jim Feathers, University of Washington); ceramic technology and provenance; archaeometric methods.
Ester Echenique - her doctoral dissertation research is on changes in pottery production and distribution in southern Bolivia and northern Argentina as these regions were incorporated into the Inca Empire, and is funded by a grant from the Wenner Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (2015).
Brunella Santarelli (Materials Science and Engineering; co-supervised with Nancy Odegaard). Brunella's dissertation research on the innovation of lead glaze on Pueblo I pottery in Colorado is supported by NSF Grant 1419233.
Jay Stephens (co-supervised with Mary Voyatzis). Jay received his BA/BS from the University of Arizona in 2013 with a triple major in Anthropology, Art History and Materials Science and Engineering. He is in the Mediterranean Archaeology Program, and is particularly interested in Greek ceramic technology.
Former PhD students, their dissertation topics and current locations
Fumie Iizuka (2013). Early Pottery in the Tropics of Panama (4500-3200 BC): Production Processes, Circulation and Diagenesis. (Co-supervised with Michael Schiffer). Fumie was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Geology, National University of Colombia, Medellín in 2013/14, and is currently in Japan.
Alyson Thibodeau (2012). Isotopic Evidence for the Provenance of Turquoise, Glaze Paints and Metals in the Southwestern USA. (PhD in Geosciences; co-supervised with Joaquin Ruiz, UA Geosciences). Aly is currently a postdoctoral fellow in geochemistry at the University of Toronto, and will be an Assistant Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at Dickinson College from July 2015.
Thomas Fenn (2011). Applications of Heavy Isotope Research to Archaeological Problems of Provenance and Trade. (Co-supervised with Joaquin Ruiz, UA Geosciences). Tom is the Director of Scientific Research for the Council on Archaeological Studies at Yale University.
Lesley Frame (2009).Technological Change in Southwestern Asia: Metallurgical Production Styles and Social Values during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Lesley's PhD was in Materials Science and Engineering, and was co-supervised by Pam Vandiver and myself. She was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Cardiff in 2010/11, and is currently the director of metallurgical research for the Thermatool Corporation, New Haven, Connecticut.
Martha Morgan (2009) Reconstructing Early Islamic Maghribi Metallurgy. Martha was an Assistant Professor in the Sociology and Anthropology Department at the Rochester Institute of Technology from 2006 to 20013.
Sarah Cowie (2008) Industrial Capitalism and the Company Town: Structural Power, Biopower and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Fayette, Michigan. Sarah is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Reno.
Noah Thomas (2008) Seventeenth-Century Metallurgy on the Spanish Colonial Frontier: Transformations of Technology, Identity and Value. Noah lives in Ventura, California, marketing wind turbines and playing jazz trumpet and theramin.
Khaled al-Bashaireh (2008) Chronology and Technological Styles of Nabataean and Roman Plasters at Petra (Jordan). (Co-supervised with Greg Hodgins, AMS Radiocarbon Laboratory). Khaled is a Professor in the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology at Yarmouk University, Jordan.
Aniko Bezur (2003). Variability in Sican Copper Alloy Artifacts: Its Relation to Material Flow Patterns During the Middle Sican Period in Peru, AD 900-1100. Aniko's PhD was in Materials Science and Engineering, and was co-supervised by William Davenport, Izumi Shimada, Nancy Odegaard and myself after the death of her original supervisor, David Kingery. Aniko is Director of Scientific Research in the Center for Conservation and Preservation, Yale University.
Studying the provenance of turquoise in the southwestern USA , and of glass trade beads and copper alloys in Africa, by lead and strontium isotopic ratio analysis. Collaboration with Alyson Thibodeau, Joaquin Ruiz, (UA Geosciences), Tom Fenn, Saul Hedquist and Chuck Adams (UA Anthropology). Supported 2009-2011 by NSF grant BCS-0852270.
Sican copper smelting (900-1100 CE) in the Pampa de Chaparri, north Peru (with Frances Hayashida, University of New Mexico). Supported by NSF grant BCS-0838211 to Dr. Hayashida.
Tracing the movements of Lapita colonists (1200-1000 BCE) around New Caledonia and adjacent islands through petrographic analysis of pottery. (Collaboration with Scarlett Chiu, National University of Taiwan, and Christophe Sand, IANCP, Noumea, New Caledonia).
Metal production and trade in sub-Saharan Africa: completing projects on (1) tin and bronze in southern Africa (with Simon Hall and Shadreck Chirikure (University of Cape Town) and Dana Drake Rosenstein (UA Anthropology)); (2) copper-smelting at Phalaborwa , South Africa (with Duncan Miller (Cape Town), Thomas Thondhlana (Great Zimbabwe University) and Marcos Martinón-Torres (University College London)); (3) copper alloys at Shanga, Kenya (with Tom Fenn, Yale University); and (4) ethographic iron smelting in the Mandara mountains, Cameroon (with Nicholas David (Calgary)). Earlier phases of data collection of these projects were funded in part by NSF grants BCS-0542135 and SBR-9602033.
Tracing transport of pottery into and within northern Botswana by optical petrography (with Ed Wilmsen (Edinburgh), Jim Denbow (University of Texas, Austin) and Dana Drake Rosenstein (UA Anthropology)). Funded by research grants (2006, 2011, 2015) to Wilmsen from the Wenner Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.
Areas of Study:
Sub-Saharan Africa, Southwest USA, Peru, New Caledonia